The Brahma chicken which is also called the King of all poultry, is a large breed of chicken developed in the United States from very large birds imported from the Chinese port of Shanghai. There are three Brahma varieties: light, dark, and buff.
Till date, the origin of the Brahma chicken is enmeshed in some controversy. It appears to have developed in the United States from very large birds imported from the Chinese port of Shanghai, which were thus known as “Shanghai” birds.
The dark Brahma chicken has the most notable difference between cock and hen : the hen has a dark gray and black penciled coloration with the same hackle as the light, whereas the cock has black and white hackles and saddle feathers, and a black base and tail; the wings are white-shouldered, and the primary feathers are edged with white.
The Buff Brahma chicken has the same pattern of black as the light, but with a golden buff base color instead of white.
The Brahma chicken was an important meat breed in the United States from the 1850s until about 1930. It is a good winter layer of large brown eggs, which weigh approximately 55–60 g.